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   Nose Bleeding
 
Definition:
Bleeding from the nose
 
Medical terms related to nose bleeding :
Bleeding from the nose, Nose bleed, Epistaxis
 
Common causes of nose bleeding: 
o Dry Air
o Trauma
o Vigorous nose blowing
o Nose picking
o High Blood Pressure
o Hay Fever
o Repeated sneezing

Other Causes of nose bleeding:
o Bleeding Disorders
o Cocaine Snorting
o Wegener's Granulomatosis ( a kind of vasculitis)
o Medications (such as anticoagulants)
o Rare Tumors Involving Nasal Passages
o Barotrauma (injury of the tympanic membrane as a result of changes in barometric pressure)
o Facial and nasal surgery
o Chemical irritants
o Foreign body lodged in the nose (Children)

 

Call 911 or go to the hospital if nose bleeding is accompanied by: 
o A bleeding that does not stop after 20 minutes.
o Head Injury, or broken nose

 
Call your doctor if nose bleeding is accompanied by: 
o Repeated nosebleeds not associated with a cold or other minor irritations
 
Diagnostic tests that may be performed include: 
o Complete blood count (CBC)
o Partial thromboplastin time measurements (PTT)
o Prothrombin (PT)
o X-rays of the skull
o Nasal endoscopy (examination of the nose using a camera)

 
Prevention and self-care: 
o Do not lay flat or put your head between your legs
o Do not blow your nose
o Sit down and gently squeeze the soft portion of the nose between your thumb and finger for about 5-10 minutes
o Lean forward to avoid swallowing the blood and breathe through your mouth. Wait at least 5 minutes before checking if the bleeding has stopped.
o Apply ice (crushed in a plastic bag or washcloth) to nose and cheeks
   
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Diagnosis of nose bleeding, Reasons of nose bleeding, Prevention of nose bleeding, Definition of nose bleeding, Treatments for nose bleeding


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