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   Breast Lump
 
Definition:
A breast lump is a swelling, protuberance, or lump in the breast.
 
Medical terms related to breast lump :
Breast mass
 
Common causes of breast lump: 
o Milk cysts (sacs filled with milk)
o Infections (mastitis)
o Lipoma (a collection of fatty tissue)
o Fibroadenomas
o Fibrocystic Breast Disease
o
Intraductal papilloma:
A small growth inside a milk duct of the breast. Often occurs near the areola of women between the ages of 35 and 55.In some cases the only symptom is a watery, pink discharge from the nipple.
o
Injury:
Sometimes if your breast is badly bruised, there will be a collection of blood that feels like a lump.

Other Causes of breast lump:
o Breast Cancer
o Breast Cyst

 

Call your doctor if breast lump is accompanied by: 
o New breast lump during monthly self-exam
o Bruising on breast without experiencing any injury
o Nipple discharge, especially bloody or pinkish (blood tinged)
o Dimpled or wrinkled breast skin (like the peel of an orange)
o Inverted nipple (turned inward)
o Family history of breast carcinoma

 
Diagnostic tests that may be performed include: 
o Study of nipple discharge under the microscope
o Needle aspiration of a cyst with examination of the fluid under a microscope
o Biopsy of the lump
o Ultrasound to see if the lump is solid or cystic
o Mammogram

 
Prevention and self-care: 
o Exercise regularly
o Reduce fat intake
o Eat lots of fruits, vegetables, and other high fiber foods
o Limit alcoholic beverages to no more than 1 to 1.5 per day
   
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