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   Chronic pain
 
Definition:
A persistent or progressive pain over a long period of time, typically more that 3 months.
 
Medical terms related to chronic pain :
Pain, Pain Spot, Phantom Limb, Referred pain, Acute pain
 
Common causes of chronic pain: 
o Stress
o Previous trauma
o Previous injury
o Bursitis (Knee, hip, Shoulder)
o Headaches ( Migraine, Tension Headache)
o Depression
o Diabetic Neuropathy
o Osteoarthritis ( Knee, hip, lower back, neck)
o Insomnia
o
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS):
A chronic functional disorder of the colon that is considered to be of psychophysiological origin and marked by diarrhea or constipation or diarrhea alternating with constipation, abdominal pain or discomfort, abdominal bloating, and passage of mucus in the stool;called also irritable colon, irritable colon syndrome, mucous colitis, spastic colon.
o Inflammatory Bowel Disease ( Ulcerative Colitis, Crohn's disease)
o Neuropathic Pain
o Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
o Muscle Pain (Myofascial Pain Syndrome)
o Peripheral Vascular Disease
o Temporomandibular Joint Disorder (TMJ)
o
Sciatica:
Pain along the course of a sciatic nerve especially in the back of the thigh caused by compression, inflammation, or reflex mechanisms.
o Rheumatoid Arthritis
o
Whiplash:
Injury resulting from a sudden sharp whipping movement of the neck and head.

Other Causes of chronic pain:
o Pancreatitis
o Cancer Pain
o Repetitive Motion Disorders (RMDs)
o
Ankylosing Spondylitis:
Rheumatoid arthritis of the spine ;called also Rheumatoid spondylitis.
o
Fibromyalgia:
Widespread pain, tenderness, and stiffness of muscles and associated connective tissue structures that is typically accompanied by fatigue, headache, and sleep disturbances.
o
Multiple Sclerosis (MS):
A demyelinating disease marked by patches of hardened tissue in the brain or the spinal cord and associated especially with partial or complete paralysis and jerking muscle tremor.
o
Peripheral Neuropathy:
Damage to the peripheral nerves in which motor, sensory, or vasomotor nerve fibers may be affected and which is marked by muscle weakness, atrophy, pain, and numbness.
o
Pseudogout:
Pseudogout results from a build up of calcium crystals,calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate, in joints.
o
Psoriatic Arthritis:
A severe form of arthritis marked by inflammation, psoriasis of the skin or nails, and a negative test for rheumatoid factor;called also Psoriasis Arthropathica.
o
Reactive Arthritis:
Acute arthritis that sometimes develops following a bacterial infection (e.g. after infection with genera Shigella, Salmonella, or Chlamydia).
o
Trigeminal Neuralgia:
An intense paroxysmal neuralgia involving one or more branches of the trigeminal nerve,tic douloureux.

 

Medications for chronic pain may include: 
o Ibuprofen, Advil, Motrin, Medipren, Nuprin
o Hydrocodone and Ibuprofen, Vicoprofen
o Hydrocodone-oral Liquid
o Acetaminophen (Tylenol)
o Acetylsalicylic Acid, Aspirin, Ecotrin
o Etrafon, Triavil
o Amitriptyline. Elavil, Endep
o Morphine Sustained Action Capsule-oral, Kadian
o Propoxyphene and Acetaminophen, Darvocet
o Propoxyphene (Darvon)
o Tramadol and Acetaminophen, Ultracet
o Tramadol (Ultram)
o Duloxetine-oral (Cymbalta)
o Fentanyl Transdermal System, Duragesic
   
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Diagnosis of chronic pain, Reasons of chronic pain, Prevention of chronic pain, Definition of chronic pain, Treatments for chronic pain


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