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   Cough
 
Definition:
To expel air from the lungs suddenly with an explosive noise usually in a series of efforts.
 
Medical terms related to coughing :
Acute Cough, Chronic Cough, Tussis
 
Common causes of coughing: 
o Common Cold
o Sinus Infection
o Smoking cigarettes, exposure to secondhand smoke and pollutants
o Asthma
o Allergies
o Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
o Chronic Rhinitis & Post-Nasal Drip
o Viral Infections of Lungs or Airways
o Congestive Heart Failure (Cardiac Asthma)
o Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
o Chemical Irritation (Tear Gas, Fumes, Smoke)

Other Causes of coughing:
o Tuberculosis
o Lung Cancer
o Medications (Angiotensin-converting enzyme [ACE] inhibitors, e.g. Captopril)
o
Sarcoidosis:
A chronic disease of unknown cause that is characterized by the formation of nodules resembling true tubercles especially in the lymph nodes, lungs, bones, and skin.

 

Call 911 or go to the hospital if coughing is accompanied by: 
o Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
o Hives or swollen face or throat with difficulty swallowing

 
Call your doctor if coughing is accompanied by: 
o Violent cough that begins suddenly
o High-pitched sound, stridor, when inhaling
o Cough that produces blood
o Thick, foul-smelling, yellowish-green phlegm
o Exposure to someone with tuberculosis
o Unintentional weight loss or night sweats
o Cough longer than 10-14 days

 
Diagnostic tests that may be performed include: 
o Bronchoscopy
o Lung scan
o Pulmonary function tests
o Sputum analysis
o X-ray of the chest
   
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Diagnosis of coughing, Reasons of coughing, Prevention of coughing, Definition of coughing, Treatments for coughing


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