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   Coughing Up Blood
 
Definition:
Expectoration of blood from some part of the respiratory tract.
 
Medical terms related to coughing up blood :
Blood In Spit, Bloody Mucus, Coughing Up Blood, Hemoptysis, Spitting Up Blood, Bloody Spit
 
Common causes of coughing up blood: 
o Pneumonia
o Tuberculosis
o Trauma to the lung
o Acute or chronic bronchitis
o Laryngitis
o Foreign body material in the lung
o Tonsillectomy
o Mitral stenosis (Abnormally narrow mitral valve)
o Bleeding disorder including anticoagulant therapy
o Deep Vein Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism
o
Bronchiectasis:
Inflammation or degeneration of one or more bronchi or bronchioles marked by dilatation and loss of elasticity of the walls.

Other Causes of coughing up blood:
o Cystic fibrosis
o Lung Cancer
o
Amyloidosis (A disorder marked by the deposition of amyloid in organs or tissues of the body)
o
Wegener's Granulomatosis (Vasculitis of small vessels affecting the respiratory tract and kidney)
o
Bronchial adenoma:
A bronchial adenoma is a glandular tumor in the trachea or large bronchi (the large airways of the lung) that usually causes obstruction of the airway.
o Fungus infection of the lung such as coccidiomycosis, histoplasmosis, blastomycosis
o
Goodpasture's syndrome:
An autoimmune disorder that is characterized by the presence of circulating antibodies in the blood which attack the basement membrane of the kidney's glomeruli and the lung's alveoli and that is marked initially by coughing, fatigue, difficulty in breathing, and hemoptysis progressing to glomerulonephritis and pulmonary hemorrhages.
o Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis
o Lung abscess
o Parasites including schistosomiasis, paragonimus westermani
o Rare lung tumors
o Hydatid cyst in the lung

 

Call 911 or go to the hospital if coughing up blood is accompanied by: 
o Severe shortness of breath
o lightheadedness or dizziness
o Large volumes of blood

 
Diagnostic tests that may be performed include: 
o Chest x-ray
o Chest CT scan
o Complete blood count
o Coagulation studies such as PT or PTT
o Bronchoscopy
o Lung biopsy
o Lung scan
o Pulmonary arteriography
o Sputum culture and smear
   
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Diagnosis of coughing up blood, Reasons of coughing up blood, Prevention of coughing up blood, Definition of coughing up blood, Treatments for coughing up blood


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