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   Dry Mouth
 
Definition:
Dry mouth
 
Medical terms related to dry mouth :
xerostomia
 
Common causes of dry mouth: 
o Weather (low humidity, wind)
o Infections (Viruses)
o Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
o Dehydration
o Diabetes
o Illicit Drugs (e.g., marijuana)
o Parkinson's disease
o Other Causes of Dry Mouth

Other Causes of dry mouth:
o HIV/AIDS
o Medications (e.g. Medicines for high blood pressure or depression)
o Chemotherapy
o Hypothyroidism
o Radiation Therapy
o
Sarcoidosis:
A chronic disease of unknown cause that is characterized by the formation of nodules resembling true tubercles especially in the lymph nodes, lungs, bones, and skin.
o
Sjogren's Syndrome (Sicca syndrome):
A chronic autoimmune disease in which white blood cells attack the moisture-producing glands. The hallmark symptoms are dry eyes and dry mouth, but it is a systemic disease, affecting many organs and may cause fatigue.

 

Call your doctor if dry mouth is accompanied by: 
o Dry eye
o Starting a new medication
o Weight loss and fever

 
Prevention and self-care: 
o Sip water or sugarless drinks often.
o Avoid drinks with caffeine, such as coffee, tea, and some sodas. Caffeine can dry out the mouth.
o Sip water or a sugarless drink during meals. This will make chewing and swallowing easier. It may also improve the taste of food.
o Chew sugarless gum or suck on sugarless hard candy to stimulate saliva flow; citrus, cinnamon or mint-flavored candies are good choices.
o Don't use tobacco or alcohol. They dry out the mouth.
o Be aware that spicy or salty foods may cause pain in a dry mouth.
o Use a humidifier at night.

 
Medications for dry mouth may include: 
o pilocarpine (Salagen)
   
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Diagnosis of dry mouth, Reasons of dry mouth, Prevention of dry mouth, Definition of dry mouth, Treatments for dry mouth


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