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Online Medical Symptom Checker  Symptoms & Signs Index
   Eye Pain
 
Definition:
Pain in the eye.
 
Medical terms related to eye pain :
Burning Eyes, Ophthalmalgia, ophthalmodynia, Pain, Eye
 
Common causes of eye pain: 
o Blepharitis (inflammation of the eyelid)
o Migraine Headache
o Burns
o contact lenses
o Trauma (direct blow, surgery)
o Subconjunctival Hemorrhage (though commonly painless)
o
Sty:
Inflamation and swelling of a sebaceous gland at the margin of an eyelid;called also hordeolum.
o Object In Eye (foreign material, sand, contact lens, etc.)
o Dacrocystitis (Inflammation of the lacrimal sac of the eye)
o Sinus Problems (sinusitis, polyps)
o Infections including herpes viruses, fungus, and bacterial
o
Glaucoma:
An eye disease marked by increased pressure within the eyeball resulting in damage to the optic disk and gradual loss of vision, eye pain.

Other Causes of eye pain:
o Corneal Abrasion
o Giant Cell Arteritis (Temporal Arteritis)
o Keratoconjuctivitis Sicca
o Tumors In Or Around Eye (rare)
o
Sjogren's Syndrome (Sicca syndrome):
A chronic autoimmune disease in which white blood cells attack the moisture-producing glands. The hallmark symptoms are dry eyes and dry mouth, but it is a systemic disease, affecting many organs and may cause fatigue.
o
Episcleritis:
Inflammation of the superficial layers of the sclera. Sclera is the fibrous white outer coat enclosing the eyeball except the part covered by the cornea.
o
Iritis:
Inflammation of the iris of the eye as in Ankylosing Spondylitis, Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis, Reactive Arthritis.
o
Pinguecula:
A small yellowish elevation situated near the inner or outer margins of the cornea and occurring especially in the elderly.

 

Call your doctor if eye pain is accompanied by: 
o Redness, swelling, discharge, or pressure in the eye(s)
o Severe or prolonged pain, beyond 2 days
o associated medical or eye problems

 
Diagnostic tests that may be performed include: 
o A slit-lamp examination
o If glaucoma is suspected, eye pressure will be checked.

 
Prevention and self-care: 
Resting the eyes, taking an over-the-counter analgesic, and avoiding bright light are generally recommended.
   
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