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Online Medical Symptom Checker  Symptoms & Signs Index
   Fever
 
Definition:
A rise of body temperature above the normal whether a natural response (as to infection) or artificially induced for therapeutic reasons.
An abnormal bodily state characterized by increased production of heat, accelerated heart action and pulse, and systemic debility with weakness, loss of appetite, and thirst.
 
Medical terms related to fever :
pyrexia, Febrile disease
 
Common causes of fever: 
o Strep Throat
o Cold, Flu, Allergy
o Pneumonia
o Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
o Roseola
o Infectious Mononucleosis
o Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Intestinal Problems
o Malaria
o Staph Infection (Staphylococcus Aureus)
o Chickenpox (Varicella)
o Coxsackie Virus
o Croup
o Group B Strep
o
Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV):
A paramyxovirus that is responsible for severe respiratory diseases (as bronchopneumonia and bronchiolitis) in children and especially in infants.
o Roseola
(Rose-colored eruptions, e.g. in Roseola Infantum)
o
Fifth Disease:
A parvovirus, B19 virus, infection that presents with a blotchy red rash on the cheeks followed by a maculopapular rash on the extremities accompanied by fever and malaise that occures mostly in children, called also Erythema Infectiosum.
o Gastroenteritis
(Stomach Flu)
o
German Measles (Rubella): An acute contagious disease that is milder than typical measles but is damaging to the fetus when occurring early in pregnancy and that is caused by a togavirus.

Other Causes of fever:
o AIDS and HIV infection
o Leukemia
o
Neuroblastoma
o Hodgkin's disease
o
Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
o Viral Hepatitis
o Whooping Cough
(Pertussis)
o
Connective Tissue Disease:
Any of various diseases or disorders (as rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, polyarteritis nodosa, rheumatic fever, and dermatomyositis) marked by inflammatory or degenerative changes in connective tissue;called also collagen disease, collagenolysis, collagen vascular disease.
o
Dengue Fever:
Viral infection, Flavivirus, transmitted by mosquitoes of the genus Aedes that is characterized by headache, severe joint pain, and a rash.
o Encephalitis and Meningitis
o
Endocarditis:
Inflammation of the lining of the heart and its valves.
o
Kawasaki Disease:
An acute febrile disease of unknown cause affecting especially infants and children.
o
Lyme Disease:
An infectious disease that is usually starts by the skin lesion erythema migrans and fatigue, fever, and chills and if left untreated may later present itself in cardiac and neurological disorders, joint pain, and arthritis.The causative agent is a spirochete of the genus Borrelia (B. burgdorferi) transmitted by the bite of a tick especially of the genus Ixodes; called also Lyme, Lyme borreliosis.
o
Melioidosis:
A highly fatal bacterial infection caused by Pseudomonas pseudomallei, and transmitted by the rat flea.
o
Sarcoidosis:
A chronic disease of unknown cause that is characterized by the formation of nodules resembling true tubercles especially in the lymph nodes, lungs, bones, and skin.
o
Toxoplasmosis:
Infectious disease caused by a sporozoan of the genus Toxoplasma (T. gondii) invading the tissues and may seriously damage the central nervous system especially of infants.
o
West Nile Virus:
A virus that can cause fever, headache, muscle ache, skin rash, and sometimes encephalitis or meningitis.
o
Typhoid Fever:
An infectious disease caused by Salmonella typhi and marked by fever, diarrhea, prostration, headache, splenomegaly, eruption of rose-colored spots, leukopenia, and intestinal inflammation.
o Medications
(such as antibiotics, antihistamines, barbiturates, and drugs for high blood pressure)
 

Call your doctor if fever is accompanied by: 
o Fever lasts longer than 48 to 72 hours
o Irritability, confusion
o Difficulty breathing, stiff neck, inability to move an arm or leg

 
Diagnostic tests that may be performed include: 
o Blood studies, such as a CBC or blood differential
o Blood Culture
o Urinalysis
o Sputum culture
o Spinal tap
o X-ray of the chest

 
Medications for fever may include: 
o Acetaminophen (Tylenol)
o Antipyretics, Analgesics
o Ibuprofen, Advil, Motrin, Medipren, Nuprin
o Naproxen, Naprosyn, Naprelan, Anaprox, Aleve
o Acetylsalicylic Acid, Aspirin, Ecotrin
   
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Diagnosis of fever, Reasons of fever, Prevention of fever, Definition of fever, Treatments for fever


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