|Symptoms & Signs Index|
A painful burning sensation in the esophagus, just below or behind the breastbone that may radiate to the neck or throat.
Medical terms related to
causes of heartburn:
o Smoking and Quitting Smoking
o Hiatal Hernia:
protrusion of the stomach through the esophageal hiatus of the diaphragm; called also hiatus hernia.
o Medications that can cause heartburn:
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs(e.g. aspirin)
Calcium channel blockers ( e.g. nifedipine )
Progestin for abnormal menstrual bleeding
Anticholinergics (e.g., Robinul,dicyclomine hydrochloride)
Bronchodilators for asthma ( e.g. Ventolin )
Tricyclic antidepressants ( e.g. Amitryptiline)
Sedatives for insomnia or anxiety (Valium ,lorazepam)
Beta blockers (e.g. Propranolol, Tenormin)
Antibiotics ( e.g. tetracycline, Doxycycline)
Steroids (e.g. prednisone)
Nitrates (e.g. isosorbide dinitrate,nitroglycerin )
Narcotics (e.g Demerol)
Other Causes of
or go to the hospital if heartburn
is accompanied by:
o Vomiting bloody or black like coffee grounds
o Black stool (like tar) or maroon
o Burning sensation plus chest squeezing, crushing, or pressure
doctor if heartburn is
o Unexplained weight loss
o Difficulty swallowing
o Persistent, unexplained cough or wheezing
o Antacids or H2 blockers worsen the heartburn
o Starting a new medication
that may be performed include:
o Upper GI series
o Esophageal motility to measure the pressure of your LES
o Upper endoscopy to look at the inside lining of your esophagus and stomach
Try to avoid foods and beverages that can trigger reflux, such as:
o Caffeine, carbonated beverages
o Citrus fruits and juices
o Tomatoes and tomato sauces
o Spicy or fatty foods, full-fat dairy products
o Peppermint and spearmint
o Eat smaller meals.
o Avoid eating or lying down within 2-3 hours of bedtime.
o Avoid bending over or exercising just after eating.
o Lose weight if you are overweight.
o Stop smoking.
o Sleep with your head raised about 6 inches.
o Avoid tight-fitting belts or garments around the waist.
o Reduce stress.
for heartburn may
o Ranitidine (Zantac)
o Famotidine (Pepcid)
o Metoclopramide (Reglan)
o Pantoprazole (Protonix)
o Rabeprazole (Aciphex)
o Cimetidine (Tagamet)
o Sucralfate, Carafate
o Proton-pump Inhibitors
o Esomeprazole (Nexium)
|Back to online Medical Symptom Checker|
|Diagnosis of heartburn, Reasons of heartburn, Prevention of heartburn, Definition of heartburn, Treatments for heartburn|