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Online Medical Symptom Checker  Symptoms & Signs Index
   Hoarseness
 
Definition:
Having a hoarse voice, rough or harsh in sound.
 
Medical terms related to hoarseness :
Laryngeal Voice, Hoarse voice
 
Common causes of hoarseness: 
o Laryngitis deu to:
Excessive use of the voice (as in shouting or singing)
Allergies
Inhaling irritating substances
Excessive use of alcohol or tobacco
Coughing
prolonged or excessive crying in children
Viral or Bacterial infections
Gastric reflux (Reflux Laryngitis)

o Sinus Infection
o Vocal cord paralysis (e.g. head and neck surgery)
o Tuberculosis
o Tonsillitis
o Ingestion of a caustic liquid
o Foreign body in the esophagus or trachea ( especially in children)
o Puberty
o Postnasal drip
o Heavy smoking and drinking, especially in combination
o Infectious mononucleosis

Other Causes of hoarseness:
o Bronchoscopy or other tests (temporary)
o Syphilis In Women
o Larynx Cancer
o Cancer metastasis to the larynx
o Vocal cord nodules or paralysis (post-surgical)
o After breathing tube for ventilator is removed
o Bronchoscopy or other tests (temporary)
o Cancer of the voice box (laryngeal cancer)
o Overall weakness caused by other diseases
o Myopathies
o
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA):
A chronic autoimmune disease marked especially by pain, stiffness, inflammation, swelling, and sometimes destruction of joints;called also atrophic arthritis.
o
Sjogren's Syndrome (Sicca syndrome):
A chronic autoimmune disease in which white blood cells attack the moisture-producing glands. The hallmark symptoms are dry eyes and dry mouth, but it is a systemic disease, affecting many organs and may cause fatigue.

 

Call your doctor if hoarseness is accompanied by: 
o Difficulty in breathing or swallowing
o Drooling, especially in a small child
o In a child less than 3 months old
o Hoarseness has lasted for more than 1 week in a child
o Hoarseness has lasted for more than 2 week in an adult

 
Diagnostic tests that may be performed include: 
o Blood tests such as CBC or blood differential
o Throat examination with small mirror
o X-rays of the neck
o Laryngoscopy (visualization of the larynx with a laryngoscope)
o Throat culture

 
Medications for hoarseness may include: 
o Chlorpheniramine And Hydrocodone, Tussionex
   
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