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   Hyperventilation
 
Definition:
Excessive breathing beyond the metabolic demand.
 
Medical terms related to hyperventilation :
Hyperventilation, Excessive breathing
 
Common causes of hyperventilation: 
o Anxiety
o Pregnancy
o Asthma
o Psychological Stress
o Drug Overdose
o Fever
o Infection (Pneumonia or Sepsis)
o Acute Pain
o Chest Wall Injury
o Fitness
o Heart Attack
o Deep Vein Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism
o
Mountain Sickness:
Altitude sickness experienced especially above 3000 meters, and caused by insufficient oxygen in the air.
o
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD):
pulmonary disease (as emphysema or chronic bronchitis) that is marked by chronic typically irreversible airway obstruction resulting in a slowed rate of exhalation.
o
Congestive Heart Failure (CHF):
A heart that is unable to maintain adequate circulation of blood in the tissues of the body or to pump out the venous blood returned to it by the venous circulation.
o
Costochondritis (Tietze's Syndrome):
Inflammation and pain in the costochondral cartilage.

Other Causes of hyperventilation:
o Shock
o Severe Anemia
o Hyperthyroidism
o Central Nervous System Disturbances (Stroke, Encephalitis, Meningitis)
o Diabetic Ketoacidosis
o Lactic Acidosis (Accumulation of lactic acid in bodily tissues)
o
Metabolic Acidosis:
Acidosis that results from excess acid due to abnormal metabolism, excessive acid intake, renal retention or from excessive loss of bicarbonate (as in diarrhea).
o Pulmonary Edema (Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the lungs)
o
Pleural Effusion:
Exudation of fluid from the blood or lymph into a pleural cavity.
o
Panic Attacks:
A sudden episode of intense fear or apprehension that may occur for no apparent reason or as a reaction to an identifiable triggering stimulus. Panic Attack is usually accompanied by four or more bodily or cognitive symptoms (as heart palpitations, dizziness, shortness of breath, or feelings of unreality) and that typically peaks within 10 minutes of onset.
o
Pneumothorax:
A condition in which air or other gas is present in the pleural cavity and which occurs spontaneously or as a result of disease or injury to the lung tissue.

 

Call your doctor if hyperventilation is accompanied by: 
o chest pain, cold sweating, shortness of breath
o Fast heart beat, Palpitation

 
Medications for hyperventilation may include: 
o Alprazolam (Xanax)
o Doxepin, Sinequan, Adapin
o Paroxetine, Paxil
   
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Diagnosis of hyperventilation, Reasons of hyperventilation, Prevention of hyperventilation, Definition of hyperventilation, Treatments for hyperventilation


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