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   Indigestion
 
Definition:
A vague sense of abdominal discomfort as fullness, belching, bloating, or nausea.
 
Medical terms related to Indigestion :
Dyspepsia
 
Common causes of Indigestion: 
o Overeating
o Eating too fast
o Significant caffeine intake
o Eating fatty or greasy foods
o Overindulgence in alcohol
o Tobacco smoking
o Eating spicy foods
o Emotional trauma or nervousness
o Cholecystitis (inflammation of the gallbladder)
o Acute or chronic gastritis (inflammation of the stomach)
o Duodenal ulcer
o Gastric ulcer
o Helicobacter Pylori
o Lactose Intolerance
o Gastroenteritis (Stomach Flu)
o Intestinal Gas
o
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD):
Gastroesophageal reflux disease occurs when the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) does not close properly and stomach contents leak back, or reflux, into the esophagus causing heartburn or histopathologic changes in the esophagus.
o Medications that can cause indigestion:
Antibiotics, aspirin, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)

Other Causes of Indigestion:
o Kidney Failure
o Pancreatitis (acute or chronic)
o Stomach Cancer
o Diabetes (gastroparesis)
o Hyperparathyroidism (overactive parathyroid glands)

 

Call 911 or go to the hospital if Indigestion is accompanied by: 
o Jaw pain, chest pain, back pain, profuse sweating, anxiety
 
Call your doctor if Indigestion is accompanied by: 
o Chronic indigestion
o Sudden, severe abdominal pain
o Unexplained weight loss
o Blood or pass blood in the stool
o Jaundice

 
Diagnostic tests that may be performed include: 
o Blood tests
o Endoscopy (EGD)
o Abdominal ultrasound
o Upper GI and small bowel series (with barium)

 
Medications for Indigestion may include: 
o Paroxetine, Paxil, Paxil Cr
o Rabeprazole (Aciphex)
o Sertraline (Zoloft)
o Amitriptyline. Elavil, Endep
o Desipramine (Norpramin)
o Erythromycin, E-mycin
o Omeprazole, Prilosec, Rapinex
o Pantoprazole (Protonix)
o Fluoxetine (Prozac)
o Hyoscyamine, Atropine
o Lansoprazole, Prevacid
o Metoclopramide (Reglan)
   
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Diagnosis of Indigestion, Reasons of Indigestion, Prevention of Indigestion, Definition of Indigestion, Treatments for Indigestion


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