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Medical terms related to
causes of knee
o Sprain and strain
o Cartilage Tear
o Osteoarthritis (a wear-and-tear condition that may develop as you age)
Including rheumatoid, osteoarthritis, and gout, or other connective tissue disorders like lupus.
o Chondromalacia Patellae (Patellofemoral Syndrome):
Pain over the front of the knee with softening of the articular cartilage of the patella as in runner's knee.
Bursa is a small serous sac between a tendon and a bone. Bursitis means inflammation of the bursa (as of the shoulder or elbow).
Inflammation or injury to the tendons of the knee that can cause pain in the front of the knee that gets worse by going up and down stairs or inclines.
o Reactive Arthritis:
Acute arthritis that sometimes develops following a bacterial infection (e.g. after infection with genera Shigella, Salmonella, or Chlamydia).
o Osgood-Schlatter Disease (OS):
Osgood-Schlatter (OS) disease is one of the most common causes of knee pain in the adolescent marked by pain and edema of the tibial tubercle. OS disease is generally a benign, self-limited knee condition associated with traction apophysitis; Also called traction apophysitis, OS Disease.
o Baker's cyst:
A swelling behind the knee that is composed of a membrane-lined sac filled with synovial fluid.
o Torn or ruptured ligaments:
Can cause knee pain and knee joint instability, e.g. a meniscus tear
Other Causes of
doctor if knee
o Inability bear weight on the knee
o Severe pain
o Knee buckles, clicks, or locks
o Deformed or misshapen knee
o Fever, redness or warmth around the knee
o Significant swelling of the knee
o Chronic knee pain
that may be performed include:
o Analyzing fluid drawn from the knee
o X-ray of the knee
o MRI of the knee (to rule out ligament or meniscus tears)
o Avoid activities that aggravate the knee pain
o Avoid weight bearing activities
o Apply ice
o Keep your knee elevated as much as possible
o Gently compress the knee by wearing an ace bandage or elastic sleeve
o Take acetaminophen for pain or ibuprofen for pain and swelling
o Sleep with a pillow underneath or between your knees
o Antipyretics, Analgesics
o Acetaminophen (Tylenol)
o Acetylsalicylic Acid, Aspirin, Ecotrin
o Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs (Nsaids)
o Rofecoxib (Vioxx)
o Valdecoxib (Bextra)
o Celecoxib (Celebrex)
o Ibuprofen, Advil, Motrin, Medipren
o Naproxen, Naprosyn, Naprelan
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