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   Loss of Appetite
 
Definition:
Loss of appetite
 
Medical terms related to loss of appetite :
Food Aversion, Anorexia, Appetite, Loss of, Poor Appetite
 
Common causes of loss of appetite: 
o Brain Damage (such as Stroke, Trauma, Dementia)
o Emotional upset, nervousness, loneliness, boredom, tension, anxiety, bereavement, and depression
o Pregnancy (first trimester)
o
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD):
Gastroesophageal reflux disease occurs when the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) does not close properly and stomach contents leak back, or reflux, into the esophagus causing heartburn or histopathologic changes in the esophagus.
o
Peptic Ulcer:
An ulcer in the wall of the stomach or duodenum resulting from the digestive action of the gastric acid on the mucous membrane.
o Stroke
o Medications that can cause loss of appetite:
Chemotherapeutic agents, Amphetamines, Sympathomimetics including ephedrine, Antibiotics, Cough and cold preparations, Codeine, Morphine, Demerol, Digitalis, Anti-HIV drugs

Other Causes of loss of appetite:
o HIV
o Hypothyroidism
o Anorexia nervosa
o Cancer
o Loss of sense of taste
o
Addison Disease:
Adrenal gland insufficiency characterized by weight loss, muscle weakness, fatigue, low blood pressure, and sometimes darkening of the skin in both exposed and nonexposed parts of the body;called also Hypocortisolism.

 

Call your doctor if loss of appetite is accompanied by: 
o Weight loss more than 7% of the total body weight within a month
o Pigmentation of the skin creases
o Unexplained fever, swollen glands

 
Diagnostic tests that may be performed include: 
o Barium enema, sigmoidoscopy, or colonoscopy
o Liver function tests (LFT)
o Kidney function tests
o Thyroid function tests
o Abdominal ultrasound (if a specific abdominal cause is suspected)
o Upper GI series
o Pregnancy test
o Urine drug screening
o HIV test
   
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Diagnosis of loss of appetite, Reasons of loss of appetite, Prevention of loss of appetite, Definition of loss of appetite, Treatments for loss of appetite


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