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   Sore Throat
 
Definition:
Painful throat due to inflammation of the fauces and pharynx.
 
Medical terms related to sore throat :
Burning In Throat,Pharyngitis, Difficulty Swallowing, Pain, Throat, Throat Pain, Strep Throat
 
Common causes of sore throat: 
o Virus Infection (e.g. Flu, viral pharyngitis)
o Bacterial Infection (e.g Strep Throat, caused by streptococcal bacteria)
o Infectious mononucleosis
o Chemical Irritation (Tear Gas, Smoke, etc.)
o Foreign body stuck in the throat
o Dry Air or breathing through the mouth
o Adenoids and Tonsils
o Surgery such as tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
o
Infectious Mononucleosis:
Epstein-Barr virus infection characterized by fever, swelling of lymph nodes, and lymphocytosis;called also glandular fever, kissing disease.

Other Causes of sore throat:
o Chemotherapy
o Larynx Cancer
o Oral Cancer
o Diphtheria
o Endotracheal intubation (tube insertion)
o
Sjogren's Syndrome (Sicca syndrome):
A chronic autoimmune disease in which white blood cells attack the moisture-producing glands. The hallmark symptoms are dry eyes and dry mouth, but it is a systemic disease, affecting many organs and may cause fatigue.

 

Call 911 or go to the hospital if sore throat is accompanied by: 
o Very high fever and muffled voice
o Severe difficulty swallowing or breathing
o Excessive drooling in a young child

 
Call your doctor if sore throat is accompanied by: 
o Severe difficulty swallowing or breathing
o Fever, especially 101°F or greater
o Tender or swollen lymph glands in the neck
o Pus in the back of the throat

 
Diagnostic tests that may be performed include: 
o Complete blood count (CBC)
o Monospot test (to rule out mononucleosis)
o Throat culture and rapid strep test

 
Medications for sore throat may include: 
o Ibuprofen, Advil, Motrin, Medipren, Nuprin
o Naproxen, Naprosyn, Naprelan, Anaprox, Aleve
o Acetaminophen (Tylenol)
o Amoxicillin, Amoxil, Dispermox, Trimox
o Penicillin V (Phenoxymethyl Penicillin)
o Acetylsalicylic Acid, Aspirin, Ecotrin
   
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Diagnosis of sore throat, Reasons of sore throat, Prevention of sore throat, Definition of sore throat, Treatments for sore throat


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