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   Swollen Glands
 
Definition:
Abnormal enlargement of the lymph nodes, lymphatic nodes. The most common areas of swollen glands are groin, armpit, neck, under the jaw or chin, behind the ears, and back of the head.
 
Medical terms related to Swollen Glands :
Gland Swelling, Lymphadenopathy, Enlarged Lymph Nodes
 
Common causes of Swollen Glands: 
o Virus Infections (most common cause of gland swelling)
o Bacterial Infections ( e.g. Strep Throat)
o Fungal Infection
o Parasite Infections (e.g. Toxoplasmosis)
o Human Immunodeficiency Virus
o Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
o Hyperthyroidism
o Thyroiditis (e.g. Hashimoto's thyroiditis)

Other Causes of Swollen Glands:
o Thyroid Cancer
o Cancer or cancer metastasis
o Silicone Particles In Body (Finger or Toe Joint Implants, Breast Implants)
o Medications (e.g. Phenytoin, an anticonvulsant used in the treatment of epilepsy)
o
Bulimia:
An eating disorder that occurs mostly in females, is characterized by compulsive overeating usually followed by self-induced vomiting or laxative or diuretic abuse, and is often accompanied by sense of guilt and depression.
o
Connective Tissue Disease:
Any of various diseases or disorders (as rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, polyarteritis nodosa, rheumatic fever, and dermatomyositis) marked by inflammatory or degenerative changes in connective tissue;called also collagen disease, collagenolysis, collagen vascular disease.
o
Gaucher Disease:
Gaucher disease is an inherited metabolic disorder in which harmful quantities of a fatty substance called glucocerebroside accumulate in the spleen, liver, lungs, bone marrow, and sometimes in the brain.
o
Hodgkin's Disease:
Lymphatic tissue neoplasm that is characterized by progressive enlargement of lymph nodes, spleen, and liver and by progressive anemia.
o Non-Hodgkins Lymphomas (A usually malignant tumor of lymphoid tissue)
o
Sarcoidosis:
A chronic disease of unknown cause that is characterized by the formation of nodules resembling true tubercles especially in the lymph nodes, lungs, bones, and skin.
o
Sjogren's Syndrome (Sicca syndrome):
A chronic autoimmune disease in which white blood cells attack the moisture-producing glands. The hallmark symptoms are dry eyes and dry mouth, but it is a systemic disease, affecting many organs and may cause fatigue.

 

Call your doctor if Swollen Glands is accompanied by: 
o Swollen glands lasting more than 2 weeks
o Swollen glands are red and tender
o Hard, irregular, or fixed in place glands
o Fever, night sweats, or unexplained weight loss

 
Diagnostic tests that may be performed include: 
o Blood tests ( CBC-diff)
o Liver function tests
o kidney function tests
o lymph node biopsy
o chest x-ray
o liver-spleen scan

 
Medications for Swollen Glands may include: 
o Prednisone, Deltasone, Liquid Pred
o Prednisolone, Pediapred Oral Liquid, Medrol
   
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Diagnosis of Swollen Glands, Reasons of Swollen Glands, Prevention of Swollen Glands, Definition of Swollen Glands, Treatments for Swollen Glands


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