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   Urinary Incontinence
 
Definition:
Inability of the body to control the urination.
 
Medical terms related to urinary incontinence :
Overactive Bladder, Bladder Incontinence, Loss Of Bladder Control, Loss Of Control Of Urine, Uncontrollable Bladder, Urinary Incontinence, Stress Incontinence, Urge Incontinence
 
Common causes of urinary incontinence: 
o Senility
o Prostate Surgery
o Prostate infection or inflammation
o Urinary tract infection or inflammation
o Increased urine amounts, like with poorly controlled diabetes
o Overactive Bladder
o Stool impaction from severe constipation, causing pressure on the bladder
o Medications that can cause urinary incontinence:
Diuretics, tranquilizers, some cough and cold remedies, certain antihistamines for allergies, and antidepressants

Other Causes of urinary incontinence:
o Spinal injuries
o Urinary tract anatomical abnormalities
o Neurological conditions like multiple sclerosis or stroke
o Weakness of the sphincter
o Large prostate
o Depression or Alzheimer's disease
o Nerve or muscle damage after pelvic radiation
o Bladder cancer
o Weight gain
o Mental confusion
o Caffeine Intake

 

Call 911 or go to the hospital if urinary incontinence is accompanied by: 
o Difficulty talking, walking, or speaking
o Sudden weakness, numbness, or tingling in an arm or leg
o Loss of vision
o Loss of consciousness or confusion
o Loss of bowel control

 
Call your doctor if urinary incontinence is accompanied by: 
o Constipation lasts more than one week
o Dribbling, nighttime urination, pain or burning with urination
o Increased frequency or urgency, or cloudy or bloody urine
o Taking medications that may be causing incontinence
o Bladder feels full even after you have just urinated
o Incontinence persists for more than 2 weeks

 
Diagnostic tests that may be performed include: 
o Urinalysis (UA)
o Urine culture to check for infection if indicated
o Cystoscopy (inspection of the inside of the bladder)
o Urodynamic studies (tests to measure pressure and urine flow)
o Uroflow (to measure pattern of urine flow)
o Post void residual (PVR) to measure amount of urine left after urination

 
Medications for urinary incontinence may include: 
o Tolterodine, Detrol, Detrol La
   
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Diagnosis of urinary incontinence, Reasons of urinary incontinence, Prevention of urinary incontinence, Definition of urinary incontinence, Treatments for urinary incontinence


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