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   Vomiting Blood
 
Definition:
Regurgitation of blood from the upper gastrointestinal tract (the mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, and small intestine).
 
Medical terms related to vomiting blood :
Blood In Vomit, Hematemesis, vomiting of blood
 
Common causes of vomiting blood: 
o Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs (e.g. Aspirin, Pioxicam)
o Esophagitis
o Gastroenteritis
o Ingested blood (for example, swallowed after a nosebleed)
o Irritation or erosion of the lining of the esophagus or stomach
o
Peptic Ulcer:
An ulcer in the wall of the stomach or duodenum resulting from the digestive action of the gastric acid on the mucous membrane.
o Prolonged and vigorous retching (Especially in Alcoholics)

Other Causes of vomiting blood:
o Tumors of the stomach or esophagus
o Bleeding Diathesis (e.g. ITP, Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura)
o Vascular malformations of the GI tract
o Bleeding esophageal varices
o
Mallory-Weiss Syndrome:
Mallory-Weiss syndrome is characterized by upper gastrointestinal bleeding secondary to longitudinal mucosal lacerations at the gastroesophageal junction or gastric cardia.

 

Call 911 or go to the hospital if you vomit blood.
 
Diagnostic tests that may be performed include: 
o Endoscopy (EGD)
o X-rays
o Nasogastric tube (nose-to-stomach tube) placement to check for blood
o Blood work, such as a CBC(diff)
o Blood clotting values
o Liver function tests

 
Medications for vomiting blood may include: 
o ranitidine (Zantac)
o cimetidine (Tagamet)
o Famotidin
   
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Diagnosis of vomiting blood, Reasons of vomiting blood, Prevention of vomiting blood, Definition of vomiting blood, Treatments for vomiting blood


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